Adenomyosis is the growing of the endometrial tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus. In the normal course, the endometrial tissues thicken, during the course of the menstrual cycle and then breaks downs and bleeds out periodically. As a consequence of the thickening of the uterus walls, a woman is likely to experience heavy and more painful periods than normal.

While the exact cause of adenomyosis is yet unascertained, the disease is known to automatically get healed following menopause. This indicates that the underlying cause should be associated with the natural thickening of the endometrial lining. In most cases, the treatment suggested for the condition includes hormonal therapy and in extreme cases, a surgical intervention to remove the uterus via a hysterectomy.

Symptoms of Adenomyosis

  • Mild discomfort of uterus
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • Severe menstrual cramps
  • Chronic pelvic pain

Causes of Adenomyosis

  • Excessive endometrial tissue growth
  • Foetal factors
  • Uterine inflammation at childbirth

In most cases, adenomyosis is evidenced in older women underlining the fact that it could be related to the prolonged exposure to oestrogen in the body. The complications of adenomyosis include chronic anaemia, excessive fatigue and other health issues. Also, painful periods and excessive bleeding results in disruption of normal quality of life and disrupts the usual course of activities.

Risk Factors of Adenomyosis

  • Prior uterine surgery
  • C-Section
  • Childbirth
  • Increasing age