Adnexal tumours

Adnexal tumours

Adnexal tumours are the abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells on & around the organs/ connective tissues that surround the uterus. In most cases, the Adnexal tumours noncancerous, however, in some cases they can be cancerous. The tumours are largely seen in the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the connective tissues that surround the ovaries and the fallopian tubes.

Diagnosing adnexal tumours requires a through physical examination followed by imaging tests and possible invasive procedure to ascertain the extent & type of tumours. Treatment for the condition is incumbent on the location of the tumours as well as the types of cells involved in the abnormal growth.

Symptoms of Adnexal Tumours

  • Abdominal fullness
  • Bloating
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Bowel difficulties
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Causes of Adnexal Tumours

  • Ovarian cysts
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Ectopic pregnancy

In case there are no symptomatic manifestations and the adnexal mass is relatively small, there may not be any need for a treatment. However, the patient will need to undergo regular pelvic examinations and ultrasound tests to keep a tab of the growth of such mass. For larger adnexal tumours surgery is the go-to treatment option.