The overgrowth of the naturally occurring bacteria in the vaginal cavity leads to inflammation, a condition known as bacterial vaginosis. The overgrowth alters the naturally maintained balance, with women in their reproductive age more likely to be affected by the condition than others.
While the exact cause of bacterial vaginosis is yet unascertained, it is established this unsafe sexual practices, unprotected sex and frequent douching increase the risk of developing this condition.
- White or greenish vaginal discharge
- Itching in the vaginal region
- Foul smell from the vagina
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Multiple sexual partners
- Unprotected sexual intercourse
- Frequent douching
- Natural lack of vaginal bacteria
Bacterial vaginosis can be treated with conservative treatment methods with adequate medication to restore the bacterial balance in the vaginal cavity. The condition has a propensity to reoccur with a 3 to 12 months window and it is prescribed to follow certain preventive measures to reduce this risk. Preventive measures include – safe sexual practices, usage of a condom and avoiding frequent douching.
- Preterm birth
- Infections after gynaecology surgery
- Pelvic inflammatory disease