Cervical dysplasia is a condition wherein abnormal cell growth is evidenced on the surface lining of the cervix or at the endocervical canal, which is the opening between the uterus and the vagina. Cervical dysplasia is not a cancerous condition, instead it can be termed a precancerous one. The condition develops as a consequence of the human papilloma virus infection and is commonly seen in women under the age of 30.
Safe sex practices are one of the most effective method of preventing cervical dysplasia. Other factors include – giving up smoking, and regular screenings can also be helpful. Vaccinations are also available to prevent the HPV infections responsible for the development of cervical dysplasia.
There are typically no symptoms of cervical dysplasia. Occasionally, abnormal bleeding may occur. However, in the absence of symptoms, the cell changes are invisible to the naked eye and are usually found during a regular Pap test
Risk Factors of Cervical Dysplasia
- Unsafe sex
- Multiple sexual partners
- Early initiation of sexual activity
- Persistent HPV infection
Diagnosing Cervical Dysplasia
- Pap Smear
- HPV DNA test
Treatment for cervical dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition and the age of the patient, amongst other factors. In the early stages and for mild cervical dysplasia, regular pap smears and monitoring is seen as sufficient. In the older age groups, should the cervical dysplasia persist for more than two years and there are other health complications involved a possible laser surgery can be employed as treatment.
Risk of Treatment Procedures for Cervical Cancer
- Heavy bleeding
- Effects on Pregnancy