Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer begins in the uterus – a pear-shaped organ in the pelvic region that acts as the cavity for foetal development. Also, known as uterine cancer, endometrium cancer is detected by the abnormal vaginal bleeding – which is the most common symptom associated with the condition. Abnormal bleeding includes – bleeding between periods & postmenopausal bleeding. Pelvic pain is another common symptom associated with this condition.

The exact causes of endometrial cancer are yet unascertained, but it is known that abnormal mutation in the DNA is one of the primary factors. The mutation turns healthy, normal cells into abnormal ones that multiply in an uncontrolled fashion leading to the development of the malignant tumours.

Risk Factors of Endometrial Cancer

  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Early menarche
  • Increasing age
  • Obesity & weight gain
  • Late pregnancies

Preventing Endometrial Cancer

  • Using birth control pills
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Understanding risks of HRT
  • Avoiding weight gain

Diagnosis endometrial cancer involves a through pelvic exam along with a transvaginal ultrasound to ascertain the thickness of the endometrium. A hysteroscopy may be performed for a deeper examination while a biopsy helps ascertain the malignancy. In some cases a dilation and curettage process is performed, should the biopsy fail to extract sufficient tissue or if the results are unclear.

Treatment Options for Endometrial Cancer

  • Hysterectomy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Palliative care