Endometriosis is a common and often painful condition of the uterus, wherein the endometrial tissue which lines the inside of the uterus, grows outside. In most cases, the endometriosis affects the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis and in only very rare cases does it spread beyond the pelvic organs.

In the normal course, the endometrial tissues thicken, during the course of the menstrual cycle and then breaks downs and bleeds out periodically. As a consequence of the thickening of the uterus walls, a woman is likely to experience heavy and more painful periods than normal. In some cases, women with endometriosis can also develop fertility problems.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

  • Painful periods
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Painful intercourse
  • Infertility
  • Bladder & bowel issues

Causes of Endometriosis

  • Reverse flow of menstrual blood
  • Surgical consequences
  • Immunity disorders
  • Hormonal disorders

Endometriosis can be mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or ovarian cysts, and the severity of pain is never quite an indicator of the severity of the condition. In some cases, severe pain is due to mild endometriosis and vice versa. Endometriosis can develop into ovarian cancer, and therefore is best to diagnose & treat the condition early.

Treatment for Endometriosis

  • Analgesics for pain relief
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Surgical intervention
  • Hysterotomy & removal of ovaries
  • Lifestyle changes