Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus via a surgical procedure. The removal of the uterus can be either partial – uterus only; or include the cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries. An incision is made in the lower abdomen to remove the uterus or it is removed laparoscopically using minimally invasive methods.
The uterus is the organ that holds the baby during pregnancy, thus, the most significant consequence of hysterectomy is that the women undergoing this procedure can no longer bear a child in the future. However, it is necessitated as a viable treatment option for various gynecology issues.
Common conditions treated by a Hysterectomy:
- Cervical Cancer
- Uterine Fibroids
- Uterine Prolapse
- Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
Common risks associated with a Hysterectomy:
- Excessive blood loss
- Possible blood clots
- Damage to urinary tract
- Post-surgical complications
It is important to have a detailed conversation with the surgeon on the need for the procedure and the expected outcomes. The patient requires both physically as well as mental readiness to be able to undergo the procedure, and deal with the post-surgical phase.
Preparing for a Hysterectomy
- Undergo diagnostic procedures
- Seeking sufficient information
- Prepare yourself mentally
A hysterectomy is either performed as a partial procedure or a total one. A partial hysterectomy removes just the uterus, leaving the cervix intact. A total hysterectomy removes the uterus and the cervix. Also, in some cases along with a hysterectomy either one/both ovaries as well as the fallopian tubes – this procedure is known as total hysterectomy with salpingo-oophorectomy