Menopause

Menopause

Menopause is the natural cessation of menstrual cycles for a woman, marking the end of the reproductive age. Typically, occurring in the mid to late 40s, menopause is defined as the lack of a menstrual period for 12 continuous months. While, it is a natural biological process and every woman undergoes the same, some find it more difficult to adapt to the new physiological and emotional changes that accompany menopause.

The period leading up to the menopause is known as perimenopause and it is common for someone to miss their periods regularly during this time. However, this is usually for a month or two and they restart automatically. Over a period of time, the cycles and/or periods could shorten and eventually come to a complete closure.

Symptoms of Menopause:

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Weight gain
  • Mood swings

Complications following Menopause

  • Heart disease
  • Osteoporosis
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Decreased libido
  • Weight gain

While menopause is a naturally occurring phenomenon, in some cases certain women can experience menopause earlier than the others. These could be due to certain physiological or hormonal factors and require appropriate medical attention.

Causes of Early Menopause

  • Hysterectomy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency