Little sacs of fluid found in the ovaries or on its surface are known as ovarian cysts and these are common all women of all reproductive age-group. While their presence is a common phenomenon, complications only arise when these sacs of fluid rupture. The commonly associated symptoms with ovarian cysts would be – bloating of the pelvic region, pain and heaviness in the abdomen.
The development of the cysts is a consequence of the regular menstrual cycles, and a woman experiencing a sharp or sudden pain in the abdominal region; accompanied by possible fever and nausea is advised to see a specialist at the earliest.
Cysts developing as a consequence of menstrual cycles are known as functional cysts – these are also more common in occurrence, while the other types of cysts are less common and may develop post menopause. Cysts that develop post menopause might be malignant and can pose a risk of developing cancer. The rupturing of cysts leads to severe pain and internal bleeding that leads to ovarian torsion.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts:
- Lower Abdominal Pain
- Pelvic Discomfort
- Heaviness of the Abdomen
- Bloating of the Abdominal Region
Common Causes of Ovarian Cysts
- Hormonal imbalances
- Infections in the Pelvis
- Pregnancy complications
- Previous ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts are treatable, and it depends on the depends on the age, type and size of the cyst, as well as the symptomatic manifestation. Given that mostly cysts can be harmless and do not interfere with normal functioning of the reproductive system – a wait and watch policy is often preferred. However, if the symptoms are severe then hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills, to keep ovarian cysts from recurring may be recommended. In the extreme cases, a surgical removal of the cysts may also be explored.