Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

Painful intercourse, also known as dyspareunia, is a common condition that a lot of women face at some point. The condition could be the result of either a psychological condition or a structural issue. However, for the painful intercourse to actually become a disorder – it needs to be persistent and/or recurrent pain in the genital region and must occur just before, during or after intercourse.

To understand the cause & chart the course of the treatment, doctors will undertake a thorough medical history of the patient, followed by a pelvic examination and a pelvic ultrasound, if required.

Symptoms of Painful Intercourse

  • Painful penetration
  • Difficulty in tampon use
  • Painful thrusting
  • Burning sensation in the genital area
  • Throbbing pain, post-intercourse
Causes of Painful Intercourse

  • Lack of lubrication
  • Injury or trauma
  • Infections or skin disorders
  • Involuntary spasm of vaginal muscles
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Psychological issues
  • Stress
  • Sexual abuse

The treatment for painful intercourse depends on the underlying cause of the condition. For infections or other medical conditions – clinical treatment with medications is the option. However, for congenital & structural issue, a surgical method may have to be employed. For psychological factors, it is essential to undergo counselling and/or sexual therapy.

Types of Painful Intercourses

  • Entry Pain (pain associated with entry)
  • Deep Pain (pain associated with deep penetration)
  • Emotional Pain (pain associated due to emotional factors)