Posterior vaginal prolapse is the weakening of the supportive tissue between the rectum & the vaginal wall. This results in stretching of the tissue and eventual bulging of the vaginal wall and is also known as rectocele. Treatment for a mild posterior vaginal prolapse includes a conservative non-surgical treatment; while, severe cases of rectocele might require a surgical intervention.
Typically, there is an excessive strain on the vaginal muscles supporting the pelvic organs during vaginal childbirth leading to excessive stretching or weakening. While a small prolapse may be imperceptible, a large one will result in a noticeable bulge of tissue through the vaginal opening; though uncomfortable, the bulge is rarely painful.
- Bulge of tissue protruding from the vaginal opening
- The difficulty of bowel movement
- Rectal pressure or fullness
- The feeling of incomplete bowel voiding
- Sexual inhibitions
- Vaginal childbirth
- Obesity & weight gain
- Frequent heavy lifting
- Chronic cough
- Straining during bowel movement
Posterior vaginal prolapse can be prevented with regular practice of Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor, this is specially recommended after childbirth. Consumption of high-fibre foods & liquids is also recommended as a treatment for frequent constipation, while avoiding lifting of heavy weights is recommended. And if required, they must be lifted in the right manner & posture.
- Increasing age
- Excessive weight gain
- Weakened vaginal muscles