Postmenopausal bleeding

Postmenopausal bleeding

Postmenopausal bleeding is the natural cessation of menstrual cycles for a woman, marking the end of the reproductive age. However, in some rare cases, certain women experience postmenopausal bleeding and this ought to be brought to the notice of your gynaecologist. While, the underlying reason need not always be serious, but it is likely that there is a possible disease or disorder causing such bleeding.

Causes of Postmenopausal Bleeding

  • Cancers of the uterus, cervix or vagina
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Uterine polyps
  • Infection of the endometritis
  • Pelvic trauma
  • Bleeding of the urinary tract
  • Endometrial hyperplasia

Postmenopausal bleeding must be brought to the attention of your gynaecologist even if it is a once off rare occurrence, and even when it is a relatively small amount of discharge. In some cases, you are not likely to notice any other symptoms along with the bleeding and yet that does not rule out serious underlying implications.

The gynaecologist will conduct a physical examination as well as an ultrasound scan to check for the possible causes of the bleeding. In some cases, a hysteroscopy might have to be performed for finding out the exact causes. A small tissue sample from the vagina and/or cervix is collected for biopsy to ascertain possible tumours and malignancies.