For a just born baby, the outside environment is in complete contrast to the security of the mother’s womb it has inhibited thus far. A post-natal provides the immediate attention required for the baby to adjust to its new-found surroundings, help fight infections and attain the expected growth curve at the earliest.
The new-born baby is both fragile and unaccustomed to the outside world, having been ensconced in the mother’s womb, the little one is having to make a rapid and unprecedented level of adjustment to the world outside. Just about everything is new, potentially dangerous, definitely unknown and will definitely require some level of learning & adjustment on the part of the little one.
Post-natal care therefore involves, helping both the child & the parents cope with the physiological and emotional changes as well as the possible health challenges that arise from dealing with these changes. This also involves immunization schedule, regular health check-ups and detection of any post-partum health complications for the child.
Components of Postnatal Care
- Educating the parents on new-born care
- Breastfeeding help and support
- Good thermal care practices
- Common ailments & treatments
- Immunization schedule
For the parents’ postnatal care would also involve – identifying the child’s signs & symptoms, dealing with simple and routine conditions, administering medicines (if any). Also parents need to learn about making their homes child-safe, giving up habits that may be detrimental to the health of the child and adjust to the routine of the child’s wake-sleep cycles.