The full term of pregnancy is estimated at 37 weeks, and any baby born prior to the 34th week, which is more than three weeks before it is scheduled to arrive is termed to be a pre-mature baby. Premature babies, especially those born very early, often have complicated medical problems. Typically, complications of prematurity vary. But the earlier your baby is born, the higher the risk of complications.
While there are various factors that can result in pre-term births, it has been often noticed that multiple births increase the risk of pre-term delivery by almost 60%. Multiple births include – twins, trips and other multiple deliveries – all of which have a much higher chance of being a pre-term delivery when compared to single child delivery.
Pre-Mature Baby Symptoms:
- Smaller size
- Low birth weight
- Low body temperature
- Respiratory distress
- Slow or lack of reflexes
Factors that induce a Pre-Term Birth:
- Previous Premature Birth
- Multiple Fetuses
- Underweight Prior to Pregnancy
- Smoking During Pregnancy
- Physical Injury or Trauma
Although pre-term babies may be born with several health complications and may require advanced care & monitoring in the initial stages, it has been observed that should the pre-term baby receive optimal care and specialist handling – they catch up with other healthy babies by the time they are all of age two. This includes all the growth & developmental milestones, behavioral issues, learning curve and all other aspects are consistent with babies born at full-term and without any complications.
This is a particularly reassuring fact for parents to learn, as pre-term babies require additional care and support in the early part of the infancy. This is also a testament to the advancement of care & monitoring protocols, which enable the pre-term babies to catch up on the growth curve despite starting off at such a disadvantage when compared to other children.