Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a commonly evidenced, pregnancy related complication characterized by high blood pressure, with possible affect on the liver and kidneys. This is a serious medical condition and requires immediate medical attention, because negligence can have serious complications leading up to fatalities. In the normal course, preeclampsia sets in around the 20th week of the pregnancy.

In most cases, the risks and complications of preeclampsia automatically come down following the birth of the baby. However, in some rare cases, preeclampsia can develop as a post-partum condition.

Symptoms of Preeclampsia

  • Excessive protein in urine
  • Excessive headaches
  • Vision changes
  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Drop in platelet count
  • Liver dysfunction

Causes of Preeclampsia

  • Insufficient blood flow to uterus
  • Damage to blood vessels
  • Immune system problems
  • Genetic factors
  • Gestational hypertension
  • Chronic hypertension

The severity of preeclampsia is inversely proportional to is occurrence during pregnancy. The earlier it occurs, the more severe the complications are expected to be. Some of the complications include – restricted foetal growth, preterm birth, seizures for the mother, multiple organ damage can occur.

Risks of Preeclampsia

  • Past episodes of preeclampsia
  • Increasing age
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Onset of obesity before pregnancy
  • Multiple foetuses
  • Predisposition to diabetes, kidney disease, high blood pressure