Pregestational diabetes is the predisposition to type 1 or type 2 diabetes, prior to becoming pregnant. And it can have severe consequences both for the health of the mother as well as that of the baby. Mothers-to-be with pregestational diabetes will require increased monitoring and additional care, to ensure a safe and uneventful pregnancy term.
Diabetes is a lifestyle condition that is caused by the imbalance of insulin hormone in the body. The imbalance is caused by various lifestyle factors and the disease needs long term management. The disease has become a highly prevalent disorder in the modern times.
Type-1 Diabetes, also known as Juvenile Diabetes, is the imbalanced production of insulin by the pancreas. It is either too little or too much. Exposure to certain viruses or genetic factors are largely responsible for the disorder. Type-1 diabetes is more prevalent in childhood and adolescents. The symptoms for the disease include increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, unexpected weight loss.
Type-2 Diabetes is the excess of sugar or glucose in the blood stream. The inadequate secretion of the insulin hormone – which regulates the amount of glucose in the body – causes increased levels of glucose. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, unexpected weight loss.
Complications of Pregestational Diabetes
- Infections of the bladder & vagina
- Vision problems
- Childbirth complications
- Possible need for a c-section
Birthing Challenges Caused by of Pregestational Diabetes
- Pre-term birth
- Low birth weight
- Hypoglycaemia at birth
- Respiratory distress
As opposed to pregestational diabetes, many mothers-to-be develop diabetes during the course of the pregnancy. Similar to other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects glucose levels in the body and result in high blood sugar that can affect both the mother as well as the baby’s health. In most cases, post-partum, the sugar levels revert to the normal range.
Risk Factors of Developing Gestational Diabetes
- Late pregnancy
- History of gestational diabetes
- Hereditary factors
- Excess weight before pregnancy