Premature ovarian failure is also known as primary ovarian insufficiency, wherein the ovaries for a woman stop functioning prior to the age of 40. The cause of this condition is the lack of production of the eggs (ovum) or the estrogen hormone. The direct result of this condition is infertility, as the woman suffering from premature ovarian failure cannot conceive and sustain a pregnancy.
Estrogen insufficiency can lead to osteoporosis, but risk of the same can be reduced with hormonal treatment.
The common symptoms associated with premature ovarian failure include:
- Irregular periods
- Difficulty in conception
- Hot flashes
- Night sweats
- Vaginal dryness
- Decreased libido
The causes of premature ovarian failure would be:
- Genetic factors
- Exposure to toxins
- Radiation therapy
- Autoimmune factors
- Idiopathic factors
Primary ovarian insufficiency is sometimes confused with premature menopause, but these conditions aren’t the same. Women with primary ovarian insufficiency can have irregular or occasional periods for years and might even get pregnant. But women with premature menopause stop having periods and can’t become pregnant.
Complications arising out of premature ovarian failure:
- Hormonal imbalance