Sexually transmitted diseases are a set of infections & diseases that generally spread via sexual contact. The disease-causing bacteria or viruses or parasites get transmitted from one individual to another via sexual intercourse via – blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids. In some rare cases, the transmission can also occur via mother-to-child during pregnancy, blood transfusions and sharing of needles.
The diseases can be either bacterial, fungal or viral, and are also commonly referred to as – sexually transmitted infections. Complications arising out of STDs include – pregnancy complications, infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, cancers, heart diseases, arthritis amongst others.
Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Sores in the genital area
- Painful urination
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Painful intercourse
- Lower abdominal pain
Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Human papillomavirus infection
- Genital herpes
- HIV infection
Sexual activity plays a role in spreading various kinds of sexual infections, although it’s possible to be infected without sexual contact. Some of the common examples include the hepatitis A, B and C viruses, shigella, and Giardia intestinalis.
Risk Factors of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Unsafe sex
- Multiple sexual partners
- Past history of STIs
- Abuse of recreational drugs
- Unsafe blood transfusion
- Improper use of needles