Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are a set of infections & diseases that generally spread via sexual contact. The disease-causing bacteria or viruses or parasites get transmitted from one individual to another via sexual intercourse via – blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids. In some rare cases, the transmission can also occur via mother-to-child during pregnancy, blood transfusions and sharing of needles.

The diseases can be either bacterial, fungal or viral, and are also commonly referred to as – sexually transmitted infections. Complications arising out of STDs include – pregnancy complications, infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, cancers, heart diseases, arthritis amongst others.

Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Sores in the genital area
  • Painful urination
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Painful intercourse
  • Rashes
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Fever

Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • Chlamydia
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Human papillomavirus infection
  • Genital herpes
  • HIV infection

Sexual activity plays a role in spreading various kinds of sexual infections, although it’s possible to be infected without sexual contact. Some of the common examples include the hepatitis A, B and C viruses, shigella, and Giardia intestinalis.

Risk Factors of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Unsafe sex
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Past history of STIs
  • Abuse of recreational drugs
  • Unsafe blood transfusion
  • Improper use of needles