Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is the decreased ability of an individual to control their bladder. The condition can vary from individual to individual, but it generally results in several embarrassing situations. Urinary incontinence is commonly seen in elderly people and can affect the day-to-day activities in addition to causing some emotional distress.

Some of the common causes of incontinence include urinary tract infection, constipation, enlargement of the prostate, excessive stress, neurological stress, excessive intake of alcohol and others. People with weight issues, smoking habit, a family history of incontinence and diabetes also have a higher risk of being affected by incontinence.

Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence

  • Frequent dribbling of urine
  • Involuntary urinary leaks
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Inability to control urinary pressure

Types of Urinary Incontinence

  • Stress incontinence
  • Urge incontinence
  • Overflow incontinence
  • Functional incontinence
  • Mixed incontinence
  • Temporary incontinence

The treatment for urinary incontinence depends on the type of incontinence, its severity and the underlying cause. In most cases a combination of treatments may be needed. Some of the common techniques used for the treatment of urinary incontinence include – bladder training, increased voiding, and improved diet management.

Risk of Urinary Incontinence

  • Increasing age
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Hereditary factors
  • Neurological conditions