Uterine fibroids

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids is the growth of non-cancerous tissue in the uterus. Varying in size and shape – from small and undetectable to the naked eye to large bulky masses, fibroid growth happens during the reproductive lifecycle of a woman. The uterus can contain multiple fibroid tissues at the same time; and in some cases, lead to the expansion of the uterus.

Causes of uterine fibroids have been determined to be – genetic factors, hormonal factors and growth factors. In most cases, having a mother or sister who’s had fibroids increases the risk of you developing the same. Early-onset of puberty, vitamin D deficiency, improper diet, excessive of oral contraceptives are some of the commonly associated risk factors of fibroids.

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids

  • Pelvic pain
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Constipation
  • Pain radiating into the back & legs

Diagnosis of Uterine Fibroids

  • Pelvic examination
  • Ultrasound scan
  • MRI
  • Laparoscopic procedure

Treatment for uterine fibroids is a multipronged approach, with conservative clinical treatment being the first option. Doctors can also opt for minimally invasive surgical procedures, which includes uterine artery embolization, radiofrequency ablation, laparoscopic myomectomy, amongst others.

Prevention of Uterine Fibroids

  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Maintaining weight
  • High fibre diet
  • Using hormonal contraceptives