Vaginal Agenesis

Vaginal Agenesis

Vaginal agenesis is a rare medical condition, wherein the vagina doesn’t develop as required with age. Also, the uterus may also fail to develop sufficiently. In most cases, this is a congenital disorder and commonly associated with kidney, heart and/or skeletal abnormalities. Also known as Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, the condition hampers sexual life and as a consequence makes it impossible to bear a child.

Treatment for the condition includes both surgical and non-surgical components, with patients able to resume normal sexual activity post-treatment. While women who have either a completely or partially missing uterus can’t conceive a child, it is, however, possible to have a baby using in vitro fertilization, should the woman have healthy ovaries.

Identifying Vaginal Agenesis

  • No menstrual cycles in puberty
  • Kidney problems
  • Lack of vaginal or anal opening
Diagnosing Vaginal Agenesis

  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI

The exact cause of vaginal agenesis is yet unclear, however, it is understood that in the 20th week of pregnancy, the mullerian ducts don’t develop properly. As a consequence, the uterus and vagina don’t take shape as they ought to. Without adequate treatment, those suffering from Vaginal Agenesis cannot have normal sexual life and become pregnant on their own.

Treatment for Vaginal Agenesis

  • Self-dilation
  • Vaginal dilation via intercourse
  • Surgical intervention