Vaginal Atrophy

Vaginal Atrophy

Vaginal atrophy is a condition of the vagina caused by the decline in oestrogen production. A common condition amongst menopausal women, it leads to the thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls. The consequence of vaginal atrophy is both painful intercourse and distressing urinary symptoms.

This condition can start affecting women, even prior to the onset of menopause. Regular sexual activity is one of the ways to keep the health of the vaginal walls and not develop vaginal atrophy.

Symptoms of Vaginal Atrophy

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Painful intercourse
  • Recurrent UTI
Causes of Vaginal Atrophy

  • Menopause
  • Perimenopause
  • Surgical removal of ovaries
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvic region
  • Breastfeeding

While decline in oestrogen levels is a common occurrence for every woman undergoing menopause, some of them are at a greater risk of developing the condition compared to others. Some of the key factors increasing the risk of vaginal atrophy include – smoking, not having a vaginal birth and decreased sexual activity.

Complications of Vaginal Atrophy

  • Vaginal infections
  • Urinary problems

The treatment for vaginal atrophy involves a prescription of vaginal moisturizers, and water-based lubricants. In case of the persistence of symptomatic issues, then a vaginal oestrogen therapy may be prescribed.