Vaginal atrophy is a condition of the vagina caused by the decline in oestrogen production. A common condition amongst menopausal women, it leads to the thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls. The consequence of vaginal atrophy is both painful intercourse and distressing urinary symptoms.
This condition can start affecting women, even prior to the onset of menopause. Regular sexual activity is one of the ways to keep the health of the vaginal walls and not develop vaginal atrophy.
- Vaginal dryness
- Vaginal discharge
- Burning sensation during urination
- Frequent urination
- Urinary incontinence
- Painful intercourse
- Recurrent UTI
- Surgical removal of ovaries
- Radiation therapy to the pelvic region
While decline in oestrogen levels is a common occurrence for every woman undergoing menopause, some of them are at a greater risk of developing the condition compared to others. Some of the key factors increasing the risk of vaginal atrophy include – smoking, not having a vaginal birth and decreased sexual activity.
- Vaginal infections
- Urinary problems
The treatment for vaginal atrophy involves a prescription of vaginal moisturizers, and water-based lubricants. In case of the persistence of symptomatic issues, then a vaginal oestrogen therapy may be prescribed.