Vaginitis is the inflammation of the vagina, resulting in abnormal vaginal discharge pain and possible itching of the vaginal area. The most common cause of the condition is the imbalance of the naturally occurring vaginal bacteria. In some cases, infection and hormonal changes could also play a role. While in some rare cases, an underlying skin condition may be the cause of the inflammation of the vagina.

Vaginitis is commonly categorized into three types – bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections and trichomoniasis. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by changes to the naturally occurring bacteria, while yeast infections are caused by naturally occurring fungi. Trichomoniasis is of parasitic origin and is transmitted by sexual intercourse.

Symptoms of Vaginitis

  • Itching in the vaginal area
  • Discoloration of vaginal discharge
  • Painful urination
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Painful intercourse
Causes of Vaginitis

  • Bacterial imbalance
  • Fungal infections
  • Improper sexual intercourse
  • Allergic reactions
  • Vaginal atrophy

Women suffering from vaginitis have a greater risk of developing STIs, and pregnant women may end up having a premature birth. Thus, it is best to take preventive measures against vaginitis, as it is a preventable condition. Good personal hygiene, safe sex and avoiding public baths and frequent douching can help.

Risk Factors of Vaginitis

  • Hormonal changes
  • Unsafe sexual activity
  • Use of steroids & antibiotics
  • Use of birth control
  • Diabetes