Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia is chronic pain and discomfort of the vulva, which is the opening of the vagina. The pain is caused by an unidentifiable reason and has been there for three months or more. In some cases, women suffer from this condition for months, with associated difficulties including – burning & irritation at the vulva making normal activities of sitting and sexual intercourse very uncomfortable.

The pain is often a provoked one – this is it starts when you touch the sensitive area. It can also be either constant or an occasional occurrence. Also, while some women have generalized pain in the entire vulvar area, for others it may be restricted just to the opening of the vagina.

Symptoms of Vulvodynia

  • Burning sensation
  • Soreness of the vulva
  • Painful intercourse
  • Throbbing pain
  • Itching sensation
Causes of Vulvodynia

  • Irritation of the nerves in the vulvar region
  • Past infections
  • Hormonal factors
  • Muscle spasms
  • Skin allergies

Vulvodynia can cause severe difficulties during sexual intercourse, that most women stop avoiding the same altogether. This can result in emotional distress, anxiety, relationship stress, decreased quality of life and sexual dysfunction. Understanding the cause of the condition is either by a pelvic examination or by a cotton swab test.

Treatment of Vulvodynia

  • Clinical treatment
  • Nerve blocks
  • Pelvic floor therapy
  • Surgical intervention