Polycystic ovarian disease is a common hormonal disorder amongst women, primarily in their reproductive age. While, the primary cause of PCOD is yet unascertained, it is largely agreed that hormonal imbalances cause infrequent periods and excessive male hormone prevalence amongst women having this condition. Over a period of time, the ovaries (female gonads) tend to develop small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs – these eventually form cysts or sags of fluid.
Women with a polycystic ovarian disorder will develop the symptoms along with puberty and are likely to see excessive weight gain, hirsutism, male-pattern baldness, infrequent periods, severe acne as some of the common signs indicating the condition. The symptoms are likely to be more severe for young girls predisposed to an existing issue of being obese or overweight.
Being diagnosed with PCOS, is especially difficult for a young girl given the possible complications the condition can bring along in the later stages of life. Polycystic Ovarian Disease can cause, amongst other things:
- Gestational Diabetes
- Miscarriages & Pre-term Births
- Type-2 Diabetes
- Depression & Anxiety
- Uterine Bleeding
- Sleep Apnoea
- Endometrial Cancer
Thus, it is quite evident that PCOD is a serious condition that ought not to be ignored. Once diagnosed, effective weight management is one of the fundamental pre-requisites of dealing with polycystic ovarian syndrome. This requires a regular exercise regime, healthy eating habits, being physically active and avoiding a sedentary lifestyle.
Unless someone is extremely callous and careless of their own health, PCOS is a condition that can be well-managed, and all the risks mitigated. Several women, despite having the condition have been able to conceive successfully and have normal, healthy offspring.
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